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Problem_Set_04_KEY.pdf-Problem Set 4 BILD1 / Fall
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Problem Set 04 KEY.pdf-Problem Set 4 BILD1 / Fall
Problem_Set_04_KEY.pdf-Problem Set 4 BILD1 / Fall
Problem Set 04 KEY.pdf-Problem Set ...
Problem_Set_04_KEY.pdf-Problem Set 4 BILD1 / Fall
Page 1
Problem Set 4
BILD1 / Fall 2012
Chapters 14-16
Dr. Kiger & Dr. Trujillo
Genetics: Mendel’s Laws
Organisms with different genotypes can have the same phenotype! Is this statement true or false? Explain why.
TRUE. Dominant alleles carried in individuals with either homozygous or heterozygous genotypes could
result in identical phenotypes.
(a) In a diploid organism, how many different alleles at a single locus can that organism possess?
(b) How many different alleles of a particular gene can be found in a population of organisms?
(c) If there are 4 alleles that can occupy a single locus in a diploid organism, how many total different
genotypes are possible?
ex. :
A a å
AA, Aa, Aå, A
, aa, aå, a
, åå, å
(d) Continuing with part (c), suppose that one of the four alleles is dominant over all the others. Further
suppose that the other three alleles produce identical phenotypes either when mixed with each other, or when
homozygous. Assign a phenotype to the genotypes you produced in part (c).
How many different phenotypes
are possible?
TWO. Dominant phenotype (AA, Aa, Aå, A
) and recessive phenotype (aa, aå, a
, åå, å
The gene specifying blood group determinants can occur in three alleles: A, B and O. A and B are codominant,
while O is recessive. If Luke Skywalker’s mother was blood type A and Luke himself were type B, what blood
type(s) – if any – would DarthVader have to be to unequivocally rule him out as Luke’s natural father?
Darth Vader could not be his father if blood type A (AA or AO) or O (OO).
(Mom is AA or AO. Luke must be BO. Darth Vader can only be AB or BO.)
Cystic fibrosis is inherited as a simple autosomal recessive in humans. If a woman who is a carrier marries a
man who is normal and not carrying the trait, what percent of their children would be expected to have the
Brown eye color is dominant in humans; blue is recessive. If a brown-eyed man marries a blue-eyed woman
and they have a brown-eyed boy and a blue-eyed girl, we can confidently conclude:
(a) the man is not the true father of one of the children
(b) the man is heterozygous
(c) eye color is sex-linked
(d) both parents are homozygous
Brown eyes (B) are dominant to blue eyes (b). A blue-eyed man, both of whose parents had brown eyes,
married a brown-eyed woman whose father was blue-eyed and whose mother was brown-eyed. This man and
woman have a blue-eyed child.
(a) What are the genotypes of all the individuals mentioned?
The blue-eyed man’s pedigree:
Bb x Bb
The brown-eyed woman’s pedigree:
bb x B(B or b)
bb (blue-eyed child)
(b) What is the probability that their next child will also have blue eyes? brown eyes?
50% blue-eyed, 50% brown-eyed.
locus in maize affects anthocyanin biosynthesis such that colored kernels result when plants contain one
or more dominant alleles of the locus. Another gene
, affects starch biosynthesis. Plants homozygous
recessive for
produce kernels that are shriveled like a raisin. The genes for
are on chromosomes 4
and 9, respectively. If a plant heterozygous for seed color and shape is self pollinated and one ear produced
496 kernels:
(a) How many kernels do you expect to be colorless and shriveled?
31, or 1/16 of 496 (a a, sh sh)
(b) How many kernels do you expect to be colored and shriveled?
93, or 3/16 of 496 (A a, sh sh)
Chapter 14, p. 329-330, Problems #1-20.
[Should be familiar with pedigrees (#18).]

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