TIKANGA EXAM.docx-TIKANGA What is Tikang...
TIKANGA_EXAM.docx-TIKANGA What is Tikanga Maori? 
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TIKANGA EXAM.docx-TIKANGA What is Tikanga Maori? 
TIKANGA_EXAM.docx-TIKANGA What is Tikanga Maori? 
TIKANGA_EXAM.docx-TIKANGA What is Tikanga Maori? 
Page 10
– deceased is tapu and everyone around the deceased is in a state of tapu. Prayer, water sprinkled,
and guests given food to become noa - state of normalcy.
If guests touch the deceased, they must wash their hands and eat food aſterwards to become noa.
– very important. A tangihanga all about acknowledging someone’s Mana. The more people you have at a
funeral, the more mana you have.
What if deceased did something wrong in their life? Would this stop people from coming to that person’s
funeral because they believe by going, it would decrease their mana?
People would sll go. Because Maori view people as a collecve, despite the deceased doing
something wrong, people will sll come to the tangihanga because of the mana of the marae, their
iwi, their family, or they might come to repay the deceased person for coming to a tangihanga of
one of their relaves etc.
– also clearly on display and directly related to mana, caring for people reflects on your mana. Key
part of tangihanga is caring for the whanau pani and visitors who come on to the marae. Caring for others is done to
show Manaakitanga, because of the whanaungatanga (connecon to the deceased/deceased’s family) and also to
uphold the mana of their marae – if they show good Manaakitanga to the deceased then the mana of their marae
– shown through the constant recing of the whakapapa when speeches occur. Also shown by where
the person is buried - usually buried where they have whakapapa to the land where they are buried.
– prevalent at funeral, all about connecng to the deceased, strengthening of relaonships
with people.
(keeping the home fires burning)
Normally associated with those who live on or near the land. Normally the ones who open up the marae and
play an important role in geng the marae ready for the tangihanga.
Also important for deciding in where the body should go – Ahi ka is your closest connecon and Maori have
many different marae that are significant to them and so through Ahi ka, it helps to decide which marae the
tangihanga process will be held
Also, about bringing people back to their turangawaewae
A person’s turangawaewae is a place they will
always have to go back to
Face to Face
Seen to be in aendance
A sign of aroha for the family –
way that the deceased family feel as though you are present and that you care for them
and the deceased.
UTU – reciprocity
Giving for something by giving a Koha.
Can be seen in people donang money during the tangi to contribute to the funeral costs
Can also be food or by helping out with jobs related to the tangi
Usually a record is kept of how much Koha is given
When a person who gives Koha passes away, you should then go to their tangi and give them/their family a Koha to
repay them for the Koha they gave you.

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