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pset10.pdfCS 114: Introduction to Computer Scienc...
pset10.pdfCS 114: Introduction to Computer Science
pset10.pdfCS 114: Introduction to ...
pset10.pdfCS 114: Introduction to Computer Science
Page 1
CS 114: Introduction to Computer Science II
Problem Set 10
John Tsai
Due April 18, 2019
Part 1 of this assignment is due Thursday, April 18, in class. Part 2 is
due Saturday, April 20, at noon.
Anyone who wants to take an extension
until the beginning of class on Monday, April 22nd (for section 006) or Tuesday,
April 23 (for section 002, 004) may do so; however, as this is the day of the
midterm, I highly recommend getting this homework done earlier!
Part 1: Written (50 points)
(1) (10 points) For each of the situations below, state whether a
stack
or a
queue
would be better suited in a solution. Explain your answers.
(a) (3 points) Maintaining a stack of Tshirts in a way that one wears
each one equally
(b) (3 points) Managing customer complaints at a helpdesk
(c) (4 points) Determining whether a word is a palindrome
(2) (10 points) Describe, in your own words, the similarities and diﬀerences
between
Stack
,
Queue
, and
Deque
in Java. Your answer should make sense
to a student currently enrolled in CS 113.
(3) (10 points) Suppose you are given a balanced binary search tree with 15
nodes in it, containing the even numbers from 2 to 30 inclusive.
(a) (5 points) Draw this tree.
(b) (3 points) Explain how you would check if the number 18 is in this
tree, and state the number of operations this would take.
(c) (2 points) Explain how you would insert the number 27 into this tree,
and state the number of operations this should take.
(4) (10 points) Clearly describe an algorithm for turning a binary search tree
into a sorted array. Your algorithm should have a running time in
O
(
n
),
where
n
is the number of vertices in the tree. Additionally, your descrip
tion must be general enough to work for trees of size 2
k

1 for all positive
integers
k
.
1
Page 2
(5) (10 points) In this problem, we will explore
spanning trees
.A
spanning
tree
of a graph
G
is a tree that contains every vertex in
G
.A
complete
graph is a graph where every pair of vertices has an edge between them.
An example of a spanning tree of a complete graph of 4 nodes is shown
below. The bold lines denote the spanning tree.
In this problem, we will explore the formula for the number of distinct
spanning trees of a complete graph, which is known as
Cayley’s for
mula
.
(a) (2 points) How many spanning trees are there in a complete graph
of 3 vertices? Explain your answer.
(b) (3 points) How many spanning trees are there in a complete graph
of 4 vertices? Explain your answer.
(c) (4 points) A
Pr¨
ufer sequence
is a sequence of numbers that uniquely
determines a spanning tree. (You do not need to prove why this is
true.). It is constructed as follows (we start with an empty sequence):
•
Find the vertex with the smallest label that only has one edge
pointing out of it.
•
Write down the label of its single neighbor (i.e. the other node
connecting to this edge) as the next number in our sequence.
•
Remove the vertex we found in the ﬁrst step, as well as the single
edge associated with it.
•
If there are two nodes remaining; stop. Otherwise, repeat these
three steps.
2
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